Date of Completion


Document Type


Degree Name

Bachelor of Science in Speech Language Pathology


language techniques, language impairment


This study is a systematic review. The journals that were used in this study has determined the effectiveness of indirectly implemented language techniques in school aged children. Studies that were selected for review in this systematic review were those whose participant are in the age range of 6-12 years old (school aged). The studies must be about non-clinician language techniques that aim to improve the length of utterance of the participants. Studies that are included were full-text available free and published in the years of 2008-2018. EBSCO was the database that used in this study. The study yielded 648 studies. Upon abstract and full-text screening of journals, one (1) study remained that is within the inclusion criteria set for the study. The methods and results of the study were examined and analyzed. The effect size and treatment outcomes were analyzed to determine the effectiveness of the indirect implemented language facilitating technique used in the study. The study concluded that current evidences regarding the effects of indirect-implemented language facilitating techniques to MLU of school-aged children with language impairment are still limited. The result of the review showed that parent-implemented language facilitating technique provides significant effect on the mean length of utterance of school-aged children with language impairment; however, there is still discrepancy with its effectiveness as it did not achieve the highest level of evidence by ASHA.

First Advisor

Carmela Marie A. Carandang