Susu Geng

Date of Completion


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Nursing


Pain, Psychosocial Functioning, Cancer


Introduction: Although there is evidence that chronic pain is related to psychosocial status, and psychosocial status may affect the degree of pain symptoms, the evidence of any association in cancer patients is weak. The purpose of this study is to determine the association between pain and psychosocial status (anxiety, depression and social support) among cancer patients.

Methods: This was conducted through non-empirical correlation design and questionnaire survey. The study was based on 83 participants from a hospital in Shandong Province. They were asked to complete the data collection by filling out the questionnaire online.

Results: The results show that of the 83 eligible participants, 68 (81.9%) have moderate to severe pain; 67(80.7%) have anxiety; 55(66.3%) have depression; 6 (7.2%) have low-level social support, 50(60.2%) have moderate-level social support and 27 (32.5%) have high-level social support. Correlation analysis show that there is a significant positive correlation between anxiety score and pain score (r = 0.757, P < 0.001); There is a significant positive correlation between depression score and pain score (r = 0.821, P < 0.001); There is a significant negative correlation between social support score and pain score (r = -0.483, P < 0.001).

Conclusion: This study demonstrates that pain in cancer patients is associated with psychosocial status (anxiety, depression, social support). This suggests that the pain problems of cancer patients can be reduced by improving their psychosocial status (anxiety, depression, social support). This further means that alleviating anxiety and depression and adequate social support have a positive effect on reducing patients' pain.

First Advisor

Noel P. Ligaya