Date of Completion


Document Type

Research Project

Degree Name

Grade 12


antibacterial properties, Antibacterial agents, honey, Apis mellifera, Trigona biroi, Staphylococcus aureus


Staphylococcus aureus is a species of bacteria that can easily develop resistance to antibiotics. Honey from Trigona biroi and Apis mellifera have antibacterial effects on Staphylococcus aureus and are prescribed to improving patients in the Philippines. However, it is unknown which of the two are more effective in preventing the growth of Staphylococcus aureus. This research compared the antibacterial properties of Trigona biroi honey and Apis mellifera honey against Staphylococcus aureus through agar-well diffusion assay. The results showed that Trigona biroi honey was more inhibitive in Staphylococcus aureus growth than Apis mellifera honey, but the difference was not significant. The components of Trigona biroi honey that may contribute to its greater antibacterial properties were also discussed. More in-depth research is required to further compare the antibacterial properties of the two honeys.

First Advisor

Pauline L. Cueno