Date of Completion


Document Type


Degree Name

Bachelor of Science in Speech Language Pathology


Caregivers, Autism Spectrum Disorder, Child, Speech-Language Pathology


The study aimed to determine the perspectives of seven (7) caregivers of children with speech, language, and communication problems in De La Salle Medical and Health Sciences (DLSMHSI) Speech Clinic in terms of facilitators and barriers in home instruction implementation through phenomenological qualitative research. Convenience and snowball sampling were used to select the participants. Data was collected using a semi-structured interview and analyzed using inductive thematic analysis approach. The main themes identified were the facilitators and barriers and six (6) subthemes were established. This includes (1) self as facilitator (i.e., availability of the caregiver to facilitate homes instructions, caregiver’s knowledge on the importance of home instructions, caregiver’s intrinsic motivation, caregiver’s mastery in conducting home instructions), (2) others as facilitator (i.e., cooperation of family members, child’s positive behavior, child’s current skills and capabilities), (3) environment as facilitator (i.e., accessibility of teaching materials, clinician’s method of providing home instructions), (4) self as barrier (i.e., caregiver’s emotional conflict, caregiver’s uncertainties, availability of the caregiver to facilitate home instructions), (5) others as barrier (i.e., family conflict of interest, uninvited interference of others, child’s negative behavior, and (6) environment as barrier (i.e., clinician’s method of providing homes instructions. With this, the researchers were able to determine that the most common source of facilitator is the ‘environment,’ wherein the clinician’s method of providing home instructions was the most consistent facilitator among all participants. On the other hand, the most common source of barrier as perceived by the caregivers is ‘themselves’. This can be attributed to their reported uncertainties when it comes to conducting home instructions. Thus, it can be inferred that the environmental factors, particularly the method of providing home instructions, directly effects the caregiver’s personal factors, specifically the level of confidence of the caregiver in implementing home instructions.

First Advisor

Cryslee Austin T. Villanueva