Date of Completion


Document Type


Degree Name

Bachelor of Science in Speech Language Pathology


Speech-Language Pathology, Voice Training, Dysphonia, Aged


A descriptive qualitative - phenomenological research design was utilized using an inductive method through thematic analysis. The participants consisted of one (1) adult patient with muscle tension dysphonia (MTD) and one (1) speech and language pathology (SLP) voice practitioner. They were selected using purposive sampling. An interview protocol and guide questions for the participants had been developed and validated. The interview was done via Zoom and Google Meet. There were two (2) interview facilitators, one (1) transcriber and recorder and two (2) individuals who transcribed the collected recordings. The gathered data from participants were compared and cross-referenced to ensure the validity of the transcription data. The identified indicators from the adult patient with MTD were (1) auditory perceptual and (2) effort during voice production. Based on the responses of the SLP voice practitioner, the identified indicators were (1) voice parameters and vocal function and (2) patient satisfaction. In conclusion, there were no identified common indicators observed in this study stated by the SLP voice practitioner and the adult patient with MTD. However, it should be noted that the researchers were not able to reach saturation of data due to the very small sample size. As such, there may be indicators that were not included in this study that may arise if there is an increase in sample size and a saturation of data has been reached.

First Advisor

Larissa Christia Adique