Association of obesity and the risk for falls among senior citizens in the City of Dasmarinas, Cavite, 2016

Date of Completion


Document Type


Degree Name

Bachelor of Science in Physical Therapy


Obesity, Elderly, Accidental Falls


The purpose of this correlational study was to determine the association of obesity and other factors such as the demographics and co-morbidities with the risk for falls of senior citizen. A variety of measurements were used such as screening, computation of body mass index to determine if the participants are obese or non-obese, and Berg Balance Scale to assess risk for falls. Demographic data was gathered including age, gender, marital status, educational background, employment status, lifestyle and other co-morbidities. Elderly individuals with cognitive impairments were excluded from the study using the mini mental state examination. A total of 110 senior citizens were included as respondents in the study (32=obese; 78=non obese). Through the use of chi-square test, results of the study revealed that high fall risk had a significant association with obese elderly adults and negative association with non-obese elderly adults. The 0.05 level of significance was used with a p-value of 0.00000305. The test statistics (20.46) is greater than the p-value 0.00000305, thus the null hypothesis was rejected. The study concluded that obesity has a significant association to the risk for falls among senior citizens in the City of Dasmarinas, Cavite.

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