Effects of music therapy on the anxiety level of children undergoing immunization

Date of Completion


Document Type


Degree Name

Bachelor of Science in Nursing


Music Therapy, Vaccines, Immunization, Anxiety


The study utilized the quasi-experimental design specifically the non-equivalent control group design or the pre-test and post-test. The respondents of the study were children who received immunization in Barangay Bancal and Barangay Milagrosa in Carmona, Cavite. Non-probability technique, specifically purposive or judgemental sampling was used. The study measured the anxiety level of children before undergoing immunization in terms of movement of the eyes, eyebrows, mouth, head, hands and fingers, feet and legs and whole body using the Overt Anxiety Response Ratin Scale, which was adapted from Laurente (1995). Data was analyzed using frequency distribution, mean and t-test. Most of the respondents were females. There was low anxiety perceived to those children undergoing immunization on both treatment and control group before music therapy, while after music therapy, treatment group perceived no anxiety, as compared to control group. Music therapy was an effective intervention to lessen the anxiety perceived by children when undergoing immunization.

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