The effects of visual stimulation on the pain perception of toddlers receiving intravenous insertion

Date of Completion


Document Type


Degree Name

Bachelor of Science in Nursing


Pain, Children, Injections, Intravenous, Photic Stimulation


The study used the quasi-experimental method. The respondents were selected through non-probability sampling which involved 13 toddlers each for the experimental group and the control group. The study was conducted at Dr. Jose P. Rizal National Research Medical Center. The experimental group was given a visual stimulus during insertion, while the control group was not given any. The Pediatric Pain Scale as utilized as the primary instrument of the study. It was adopted and modified by Foruna (1995) in her study of the pain perception of children experiencing intravenous insertion. The scale determined the score of the behavior manifested by children together with its interpretation. Data was analyzed through mean and t-test. The study concluded that, there is a significant difference between the pain perception of toddlers receiving intravenous insertion with visual stimulation and those without visual stimulation. Therefore, visual stimulation is highly significant in lowering the pain perception of toddlers.

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