Title

Level of compliance to active-assistive R.O.M. using audio visual tape in selected elderly clients at Tramo Poblacion, Las Piñas City

Date of Completion

1998

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Bachelor of Science in Nursing

Keywords

Aged, Audiovisual Aids, Patient Compliance

Abstract

This study utilized a quasi-experiment type of method. A total of 30 elderly clients were the subjects of the study chosen using the purposive sampling technique. They are 60 years old and above, without any history of arthritis, eye problem, memory impairment, and physical limitations, and at least high school graduate. The researchers instructed the elderlies to perform seven (7) different R.O.M. and a tool was utilized as a research instrument and a rating scale was set to measure the level of compliance. The results were presented in a tabular form and were analyzed using mean, standard deviation and t-test. The study concluded that, 1) The bending of the left knee, bending of elbows, bending of the right knee, and abduction and adduction of shoulders resulted to a very high compliance. High compliance resulted from the plantar flexion of the right and left ankle. On the other hand, low compliance resulted from frontal flexion of the neck; 2) The abduction and adduction of shoulders, bending of elbows, bending of right and left knee, and plantar flexion of right and left ankle resulted to a very high compliance. The frontal flexion of the neck resulted to a moderate compliance. The frontal flexion of the neck resulted to a moderate compliance. The performance of the elderlies on three (3) exercises namely, plantar flexion to the right and left ankle and frontal flexion of the neck, improved with the use of audio-visual tape, except for abduction and adduction of shoulders, bending of elbows, bending of right and left knee which all remained in the level of very high compliance; 3) There was a highly significant difference in the level of compliance to abduction and adduction of shoulder when audio-visual tape was given. There was a significant difference in the level of compliance to the rest of the exercise only at 0.05 level of significance. Only the plantar flexion of the right ankle showed a non-significant difference both at 0.01 and 0.05 level of significance.

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