Title

Effects of fall prevention education on the level of self-efficacy among older persons at risk of falls

Author

Luyao Qu

Date of Completion

4-2020

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Arts in Nursing

Keywords

Accidental Falls, self- efficacy, older persons

Abstract

The study used the Quasi-experimental Design, the Non-equivalent Control Group Design or commonly known as the Pre-test and Post-test Design to determine the effects of fall prevention education on the level of self- efficacy among older persons at risk of falls. A validated questionnaire on the level of self-efficacy among older persons was used. Purposive Sampling was utilized in the selection of the participants. The participants who qualified in the inclusion criteria are older persons from Houkuang village for the treatment group and comparison group. Participants came from two different streets and did not communicate with each other. Participants’ data sheets and modified falls efficacy scale were used to gather the data for the study. Chi-square, Fisher’s exact test, Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test, Mann-Whitney U test were the statistical tests used in the study. Based on the findings generated in the study, the following conclusions were drawn: 1) Majority of the participants are female, married, belonging to age group of 66-70 and 71-80 years old and finished elementary level of education. Participants from the treatment and comparison groups do not significantly differ in terms of age, sex, civil status, and educational attainment; 2) The level of self-efficacy of the participants in the treatment and comparison groups indicates fear of falling. However, there was lack of fear in the participants from the treatment group after fall prevention education while participants from the comparison group still had fear of falling; 3) The level of self-efficacy of the participants from the treatment group significantly improved after fall prevention education; 4) The level of self-efficacy of the treatment group is significantly better than the self-efficacy of the comparison group after fall prevention education; 5) Fall prevention education is an effective intervention in improving self-efficacy among older persons at risk of falls.

First Advisor

Ina G. Ragotero

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