Jinping Li

Date of Completion


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Nursing


Rheumatic Heart Disease, Transcatheter Aortic, Valve Replacement, heart replacement


This study used a qualitative-phenomenological method of research. Qualitative data were gathered from 10 participants through individual interview with the observation of significant non-verbal cues. The number of participants was based on data saturation. A digital vice recorder was also utilized to obtain exact and accurate data while the interview was in progress. The recorded interviews were transcribed verbatim, each transcription was read repeatedly. Then Colaizzi's Phenomenology Method was used in the analysis of the gathered data., A total of 162 significant statements were extracted., 16 cluster themes were formed, and these were further merged into seven (7) emergent themes. All in all, the participants had varied encounters, as they live their life with a heart replacement, But from the varied encounters, a common idea can be deduced that there is a need for a standard approach to ascertain that patients who had heart valve replacement will go through the process of recovery and maintenance of the integrity of the valve replacement smoothly.

First Advisor

Monina G. Dimas