Date of Completion
Master of Arts in Nursing
osteoporosis, community health service
The study utilized the quasi-experimental design where adults at risk of developing osteoporosis were selected using the criteria that include individuals who were either male or female, aged 55 and above, at least high school graduate, have not been diagnosed with osteoporosis, have not attended any formal seminar or lectures related to osteoporosis, and willing to sign the consent form and to actively participate to the Community-Based Health Promotion Intervention. The study was conducted in two (2) barangays in Naic, Cavite. The judgmental sampling was used to identify the 60 participants from Barangay Palangue 2 and 3 in Naic, Cavite for the treatment and comparison group. The instruments used to obtain the necessary information were: General Information Questionnaire, Osteoporosis Knowledge Assessment Test (OKAT) 20-item questionnaire and Osteoporosis Self-Efficacy Scale (OSES) 12-item rating scale. Percentage, mean and t-test for independent and dependent samples were used as statistical tools. The study concluded that, 1) Most of the respondents are female, with normal body mass index, and without family history of osteoporosis; 2) The respondents in both the comparison and treatment groups have fair knowledge of osteoporosis before and after the community-based health promotion intervention. The respondents of the comparison group are slightly confident in terms of their self-efficacy while the respondents of the treatment group are moderately confident in terms of their self-efficacy after community-based health promotion intervention; 3) The knowledge (before and after) regarding osteoporosis of the comparison group does not significantly differ while significant improvement in the knowledge of the treatment group was observed after the application of the Community-Based Health Promotion Intervention. The self-efficacy (before and after) of the respondents in the comparison group do not significantly differ in terms of exercise and calcium while the self-efficacy (exercise and calcium) of the respondents in the treatment group significantly improve after the application of the Community-Based Health Promotion Intervention; 4) There is a significant improvement in the knowledge regarding osteoporosis and self-efficacy (exercise and calcium) of the treatment group as compared to the comparison group; 5) Community-based health promotion is an effective intervention in improving the knowledge regarding osteoporosis and the self-efficacy of adults at risk of developing osteoporosis.
Leon L. Fojas
Marfori, E. P. (2019, April). Effects of community-based health promotion on the knowledge and self-efficacy among adults at risk of developing osteoporosis. GreenPrints. https://greenprints.dlshsi.edu.ph/man/3/