Ziyu Zhao

Date of Completion


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Nursing


Muscle Relaxation, Quality of Life, Menopause


This study utilized the true experimental design especially the pretest-posttest control group design to determine the effects of Progressive Muscle Relaxation (PMR) Training on the quality of life among menopausal women. The participants were selected using the criteria drafted by the researcher. With their informed consent, Participants’ Data Sheet and Menopause Rating Scale (MRS) were filled-out to find the participants who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. It was followed by the administration of Menopause-specific quality of life (MENQOL) and selected those scores within the range of 2-6, which signified that the participants experienced all domains of menopausal symptoms at different intensity but were not extremely bothered. The participants of this study were composed of 68 menopausal women aged 45-55 years old, who were randomly assigned into two groups by creating a randomization schedule using the QuickCalcs software. After using block randomization, half of them were designed to treatment group and the other half to control group. The study was conducted at Xiaobeimen community in Xuzhou City, Jiangsu Province, China. Based on the findings gathered in the study, the researcher came up with the following conclusions: 1) Majority of the participants are aged 50-55 years old, overweight, married, graduated from junior high school or senior high school, having moderate menopausal symptoms, raising one child and housewife or working as a paid employee; 2) The participants in control group experienced the vasomotor, physical, psychosocial and sexual symptoms of menopause and were bothered by them both before and after PMR. In addition, the participants in treatment group experienced the same symptoms of menopause in all domains and were likewise equally bothered by them before PMR. However, after PMR, there was a decrease in the menopausal symptoms experienced in all domains and the overall quality of life; 3) The menopausal symptom experiences and the overall quality of life of the participants before the administration of PMR between the control and treatment group do not differ significantly. However, the menopausal symptoms in the psychosocial, physical, and sexual domain of MENQOL significantly differ after the intervention except on the vasomotor. Thus, improving the overall quality of life. Moreover, there was significant improvement in the vasomotor quality of life among the participants within the treatment group after the administration of PMR. Thus, PMR is an effective intervention in improving the quality of life among menopausal women.

First Advisor

Daisy H. Alberto