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Skin Diseases in Females


Rosacea is a common chronic inflammatory skin condition which is commonly observed in middle-aged women. The 2018 revised classification by the National Rosacea Society emphasizes the need for a phenotype-driven approach in the diagnosis of rosacea. Persistent centrofacial redness and phymas are now considered as independent diagnostic criteria for rosacea. Papules, pustules, facial telangiectasias and ocular findings are considered as major features. More recently, dermatologists have been more keen on differentiating cases of acne and rosacea because the treatment and prognosis are different. A gamut of systemic and topical medications is available and the efficacy and side effects have been evaluated in many clinical trials. Interestingly, new articles on the characteristics of rosacea in pigmented skin have been published, since the skin condition has always been considered as more common among Caucasians and fair-skinned individuals. Acquired forms of rosacea and various disease associations, especially the metabolic syndrome, have been recently discussed in published observational studies. © The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2022.

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