A Clear Cell Sarcoma Case: A Diagnostic and Treatment Challenge, with a Promising Response to Trabectedin

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Case Reports in Oncology


Introduction: Clear cell sarcoma (CCS) is a rare and aggressive soft tissue sarcoma. CCS is characterized by the translocation t(12;22) (q13;q12), involving the fusion of EWSR1 and ATF1 genes, and less frequently the fusion gene EWSR1-CREB1. Usually, CCSs are considered poorly responsive to conventional chemotherapy. However, trabectedin has shown activity against translocation-related sarcomas. Furthermore, preclinical results suggest that trabectedin is a promising antitumor agent for CCS, potentially inducing melanocytic differentiation. Case Presentation: We report the case of a challenging anatomopathological diagnosis in a patient with an aggressive metastatic CCS. Following the diagnosis of CCS, the patient experienced a clinical and radiological tumor response to trabectedin after four lines of treatment. Conclusion: This is a novel report of CCS treated with trabectedin that resulted in a partial response and suggests the need for further research on trabectedin as a therapeutic option for CCS.

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