Ultrasonography and clinical outcomes following surgical anti-incontinence procedures (Monarc vs Miniarc)
Objective To evaluate the ultrasound morphology and its clinical outcome among women who had undergone Miniarc™ vs Monarc™ in the treatment of stress urinary incontinence (SUI). Study design This was a prospective study on 140 patients with USI and undergone either Miniarc or Monarc surgery. From March 2010 to December 2011, patients with clinically SUI and urodynamic stress incontinence (USI) were included in the study. Objective cure of SUI was defined as no urinary leakage on provocative filling cystometry and 1-h pad test of <2 g. Subjective cure of SUI was the negative response to UDI-6. Introital ultrasound at one-year explored the sling and bladder>neck's position, mobility, sling tension, percentile of urethra where the sling was located and urethral kinking. Results Postoperative data was available from 130 women. The ultrasound objective data for successful treatment post-operative follow-up was available from 119 women (46 Monarc, 73 Miniarc), the rest failed to follow-up. A bladder perforation was diagnosed in the Monarc group and 15 cases (7.1% of Monarc and 16.3% of Miniarc, p = 0.082) of urinary retention was reported due to over-tensioning of the sling, majority of cases came from the Miniarc group. At rest and during Valsalva, analogous distances of the bladder neck and sling as well as the center of the urethral core were similar for both procedures. In both groups, shortest (Us) and longest diameters (Ul) of the urethral core were comparable at Valsalva which was significantly shorter and longer, respectively, compared to the values at rest. Sling position and percentage of urethral kinking were similar. Statistical analysis failed to detect any significant difference between the two groups with regards to the objective and subjective cure (p > 0.05). Conclusions In conclusion, a Miniarc and Monarc exhibit similar mechanism of action with comparable subjective and objective clinical outcomes. Majority of urethral impingement was noted in the Miniarc group. A higher maximum urethral closure pressure (MUCP), longer resting Ul, and shorter resting Us suggested these observations. Postoperative ultrasonographic evaluation may give a promising future perspective for the evaluation of sling tension.