Influence of anterior vaginal mesh with concomitant mid-urethral sling surgery on stress urinary incontinence: Clinical and sonographic outcome
Introduction To clinically and sonographically evaluate the influence of anterior vaginal mesh (AVM) surgery with concomitant mid-urethral sling surgery (MUS) for stress urinary incontinence (SUI). Materials and Methods Women with severe symptomatic pelvic organ prolapse (POP) stage III or IV with concomitant SUI were divided into two groups: Group I had transobturator tape (TOT) and AVM surgery and Group II underwent TOT without AVM surgery. Clinical outcome was assessed pre-operatively and 1 year post-operatively, while ultrasound evaluations were performed after one year. Objective cure was defined as no urinary leakage demonstrable on provocative filling cystometry. Subjective SUI cure was a negative response to Urogenital Distress Inventory Six (UDI-6) (question 3). Results A total of 97 women were recruited, 57 in Group I and 40 in Group II. Three women had symptomatic prolapse in Group I and 5 in Group II. There were no differences in the ultrasound and clinical outcomes between women who had mid-urethral slings with and without AVM. Successful SUI outcome was reported in 85 women. Urethral kinking was demonstrable in 50% of successful cases, but none with failed outcomes. Subanalysis among those with successful SUI outcome (n = 85) and failure (n = 12) revealed the tape, bladder neck and mesh mobility was significantly higher (P < 0.001) among those with SUI success. Conclusions Among women who had MUS, there were no differences in the ultrasound and clinical outcome between those who had AVM or otherwise.