Title

A study on the relationship of quality preschool education and improvement of speech and motor skills of preschoolers aged 4-38 with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) among selected preschools in Parañaque City and Las Piñas City from June 2014 to January 2015

Date of Completion

2015

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Community Medicine

Keywords

Autism Spectrum Disorder, Child, Preschool

Abstract

Cross-sectional research design was utilized in this study. Preschoolers with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) were selected randomly and interviewed by a 3-member panel using the Preschool Program Quality Assessment (PQA) instrument. Forth eight (48) preschoolers with ASD were randomly selected and evaluated based on their school records. Data was analyzed through frequency, mean and Chi-square test. The study concluded that there was no significant relationship between the quality preschool education and the improvement of speech and motor skills of preschoolers aged 4-38 with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) among selected preschools in Paranaque City and Las Piñas City from June 2014 to January 2015. The prevalence ratio and p value suggested that there was an increased probability of improvement in speech and motor skills among those preschoolers enrolled in schools with quality preschool education, but there was an insufficient evidence to prove that there was a significant relationship. Moreover, the researchers also determined that there was an association between each domain and the improvement of speech and motor skills of preschoolers with ASD. The prevalence ratios for parent involvement and family services as well as program management suggested that there was an increased probability that both domains affect the improvement of speech and motor skills of preschoolers with ASD, while staff qualification and development had a decreased probability of insufficient evidence to support that there was a significant relationship between each domain and the improvement of speech and motor skills of preschoolers with ASD.

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