A case-control study on the relationship of the type of newborn care and birth outcomes among newborns delivered at DLS-UMC from 2006-2015

Date of Completion


Document Type

Research Project

Degree Name

Community Medicine


Intensive Care, Neonatal


This study employed a case-control type of method which included 455 newborns (152 with poor birth outcomes, 303 with good birth outcomes) using simple random sampling. Data collection was done by review of records and was analysed using odds ratio. Of the 11% newborns delivered in the hospital that were given essential newborn care, 6.4% had good birth outcomes while the remaining 4.6% had poor birth outcomes. Meanwhile, of the 89% newborns who received traditional newborn care, 60.2% had good birth outcomes and the remaining 28.8% had poor birth outcomes. The researchers also found out that the most prevalent morbidity present in newborns in hypothermia inconsistent with WHO findings of infection. There was insufficient evidence to conclude that newborns with poor birth outcomes were more likely to have been given ENC than those given TNC. Researchers found that the there was a need to develop a more objective, standardized, and nationwide assessment tool in the evaluation of ENC.

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