Title

The association between colorectal cancer and smoking among gastrointestinal patients in De La Salle University Medical Center from 2010-2014 : a case control study

Date of Completion

2015

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Community Medicine

Keywords

Smoking, Colorectal Neoplasms

Abstract

The objective of the study was to determine the association between colorectal cancer and smoking among gastrointestinal patients in De La Salle University Medical Center from 2010-2014. The study used an analytical case-control research design. A total number of 143 cases (colorectal cancer patients) and 143 controls (non-colorectal cancer patients) were part of the sample population, to which medical records were reviewed and selected by simple random sampling. A survey questionnaire was the tool used and Data was analysed using percentage, mean, t-test, and measure of association, odds ratio. There was no sufficient evidence to conclude the association between colorectal cancer and smoking for ages 19 years old and above in De La Salle University Medical Center from 2010-2014. However, smoking when combined with male gender or alcohol consumption was both associated with the development of colorectal cancer.

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