Level of hope of parents with cancer warrior child in selected hospitals in Metro Manila

Date of Completion


Document Type


Degree Name

Bachelor of Science in Radiologic Technology


Cancer, Psychological Effects, Children


The study used the descriptive method of research. A total of 53 parents with children suffering from cancer in Philippine Children's Medical Center and St. Luke's Medical Center were the respondents of the study. The research utilized the Herth Hope Scale divided into cognitive-temporal, affective-behavioral and affiliative-contextual dimensions of hope that has been modified to suit the study and was validated by a psychologist, an oncologist, and a pastoral care worker. The data gathered was treated using the following statistical tools: frequency distrubtion, mean, percentage, ANOVA, t-test for independent means and standard deviation. Results showed that, (1) the profile of the respondents showed that majority are females, married, ages from 34 to 41, Catholics, college graduates, with a monthly family income of Php 10, 000 and below, with a child suffering from leukemia at standard risk, stages II, III, and IV for other types of cancer, and diagnosed within one (1) month to 12 months; (2) the respondents had a very high level of hope in general and in terms of cognitive-temporal, affective-behavioral, and affiliative-contextual dimensions, in particular; (3) there were no significant differences in the level of hope in terms of the three (3) dimensions when grouped according to age, gender, civil status, educational attainment, religious affiliation, monthly income, type of cancer of the child, stage of cancer of the child, and length of illness of the child. The level of hope in general has significant difference when grouped according to the following variables: age, monthly family income, stage of cancer of the child with leukemia, and with other types of cancer. Those belonging to the age group of 41-49 years old, with monthly income of Php60,000 to Php99,999, with child at high risk classification of leukemia, and stage II of other types of cancer have higher level of hope compared to other variables. However, the level of hope in general has no significant difference when grouped according to gender, civil status, religious affiliation, educational attainment, and length of illness of the child.

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