Title

Knowledge on breast cancer, attitude on and practice of breast self-examination among women residents of Binakayan, Kawit, Cavite.

Date of Completion

2012

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Bachelor of Science in Radiologic Technology

Keywords

Breast Cancer, Self-Examination

Abstract

Socio-demographic variables included age, family history of breast cancer, educational attainment and family income. This research study utilized the descriptive correlational research design in which two (2) designs (descriptive and correlational) are combined to effectively fit the purpose of the study. The study was conducted in Binakayan, Kawit, Cavite. Using purposive sampling technique, the respondents were 396 women residents aged 20 and above. This study used a questionnaire to obtain the needed data. The instrument was adapted from the research study by Dundar et al. (2006) entitled “The knowledge and attitude of breast self-examination and mammography in a group of women in a rural area in Western Turkey.” Data was analyzed using frequency, percentage, ANOVA, Kruskall Wallis test, Spearmen’s Rho coefficient, and logistic regression analysis. Based on the results, (1) most of the respondents are 20 to 25 years old, have family history of breast cancer, reached college education and belong to below poverty level; (2) the knowledge on risk factors of breast cancer is fair while knowledge on signs and symptoms of breast cancer is good. Combined knowledge on risk factors and signs and symptoms shows that respondents have good knowledge on breast cancer; (3) the respondents feel that they are less susceptible to breast cancer and are mostly uncertain of the seriousness of breast cancer. They are also uncertain of the actual benefits and barriers of breast self-examination. They are unsure of their confidence in performing breast self-examination however, their health motivation is acceptably positive; 4) there is low practice of breast self-examination in the study population. More than half of the respondents are not practicing it; 5) there are no significant differences in the overall knowledge on breast cancer when they are grouped according to age; 6) there are significant differences in certain factors of the attitude towards breast self-examination and the respondents’ profile according to age, family history of breast cancer, education attainment and monthly family income; 7) there are significant differences in the practice of breast self-examination and the respondents’ profile according to age, family history of breast cancer, educational attainment and monthly family income; 8) the knowledge on breast cancer and the attitude towards breast self-examination are significantly related; 9) the respondents’ knowledge on breast cancer and their practice of breast self-examination are significantly related; 10) attitude is found to be associated to the practice of breast self-examination; 11) the knowledge on breast cancer, attitude and practice of breast self-examination altogether are related to each other in such a way that they are directly associated.

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