Title

Comparison of the risk of falls between elderlies who engaged and do not engage in aerobic exercise program

Date of Completion

2015

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Bachelor of Science in Physical Therapy

Keywords

Accidental Falls, Elderly, Exercise

Abstract

Respondents were six (6) elderlies who underwent aerobic exercise program at St. Paul Hospital Dasmarinas, Cavite and four (4) elderlies who underwent non-aerobic exercises at San Jose Balay Alima Foundation Incorporated Indang, Cavite. Non-probability sampling method was utilized based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The researchers used two outcome measure tools to determine the risk of fall in terms of their balance, consisting of the Berg balance scale to measure the different aspects of balance, either static or dynamic, and timed up and go (TUG) that provides objective data results of the basic functional mobility in older adults. Data was analyzed through frequency distribution, mean and t-test. The comparison showed that between the two (2) groups tested, those who belong to the aerobic group have a lesser risk of falls with regard to their age and gender, presence of other factors such as medication and other co-morbidities, and the result on the outcome measure tools. There was a significant difference on the risk of falls of the elderlies in the aerobic group and non-aerobic group. The aerobic group has a lower risk for falls in terms of their scores in the timed up and go test and Berg Balance Scale. The researchers concluded that the aerobic group has a lower risk of fall than the non-aerobic group and those who do aerobic exercise have a better outcome, making their exercise program more beneficial in terms of decreasing the risk of falls among the elderlies.

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