Factors influencing the use of real-time ultrasound imaging as biofeedback in the Philippine setting

Date of Completion


Document Type


Degree Name

Bachelor of Science in Physical Therapy


Ultrasonography, Feedback


This study utilized a qualitative descriptive type of research. The study was conducted at Almario Physio Team Center in Taguig, Philippines. The study utilized a purposive sampling technique. Three (3) respondents were gathered from the center. To gather data, an interview questionnaire guide was made by the researchers and validated by a physician and two practicing physiatrists. The data collected was analyzed using thematic analysis. Five themes were derived from the data which are the physical therapist-related factors, patient-related factors, machine-related factors, treatment-related factors and physician-related factors. These themes were classified into categories. Physical therapist-related factors refer to their knowledge, capability to understand, body built, relaxation and comfortability, pain scale, and chronic musculoskeletal condition. Machine-related factors refer to its real-time features, ease of use, and innovative feature in the rehabilitation setting in the Philippines. Treatment-related factors refers to the duration and preparation of treatment. Physician-related factors refer to their perceptions that encompass awareness of RTUI as biofeedback and choice of machine. These five themes encompass that factors that influence the use of real-time ultrasound imaging as biofeedback in the rehabilitation practice in the Philippines. The researchers conclude through this study that there are many factors that can influence the use of RTUI as biofeedback in the Philippines. There are Physical therapist-related Factor, Patient-related Factor, Machine-related Factor, Treatment-related Factor and Physician-related Factor.

First Advisor

Ma. Elizabeth V. Rey-Matias

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