Factors associated with early pregnancy as perceived by adolescents

Date of Completion


Document Type


Degree Name

Bachelor of Science in Nursing


Teenage Mothers, Pregnancy


This study utilized descriptive research using a quantitative analytical method. Using a non-random, convenience sampling in a private Catholic school in City of Bacoor, Cavite, 181 female adolescents ages 12-17 served as the respondents of the study. A self-made questionnaire was utilized based on the literatures of the study. Data was analysed using Cronbach-alpha, percentage distribution, mean, Analysis of Variance (ANOVA), f-test, and t-test. Most of the respondents are from ages 12-14 years, Catholic, 2nd year high school, have a family income of P60,000-P69,999 and eldest in the family. The respondents perceived the following as factors affecting or associated with early pregnancy to a moderate extent poor parental supervision regarding sexuality, limited communication between parents that make a child/children learn sexuality from peers, a community where there was a high rate of pregnancy, used illicit drugs, was into alcohol abuse, initiated sex early, had accessibility to pornographic material via social media lead to early pregnancy, was exposed to media that tolerated engagement in sexual activities at an early age, living in a community where there was a high rate of low level of education, and living in a community where there was a high rate of pregnancy. These factors were the things that the respondents might not have experienced which are difficult to be related among themselves. On the other hand, living in a rural area, polluted area, being raised by single parent, conflicts among family members, family history of teenage pregnancy, inadequate income to support basic needs, having low self-esteem, failing to cope with academic demands in school, engagement in extracurricular activities have been perceived to a low extent by the adolescents as factors for early pregnancy because they might have experienced or seen these situations around them and have not seen its relation to early pregnancy. There was a significant difference on the factors associated with early pregnancy, as perceived by adolescents when they were grouped according to educational status while no significant difference was found when they were grouped according to age, religion, family monthly income, and birth order. Results revealed that perception of the adolescents regarding factors associated with early pregnancy was different when it came to educational status.

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