Effects of creative distraction techniques on the level of pain of children undergoing intramuscular injection
Date of Completion
Bachelor of Science in Nursing
Injections, Intramuscular, Children, Pain
This study used quasi-experimental research design. Sixty (60) respondents were chosen using purposive sampling. They were divided into four (4) groups: Group 1 was the treatment group who received the audio intervention, Group 2 was the treatment group who received the touch intervention, Group 3 was the treatment group who received the visual intervention and Group 4 was the comparison group who was observed without intervention. The research instrument used was an adapted questionnaire from Neonatal/Infant Pain Scale (NIPS), a tool that nurses use as indicative of infant pain or distress with the pain scale of 0-2 mild to no pain, 3-4 mild to moderate pain and >4 severe pain. Data was analyzed through frequency, mean, percentage, t-test and Levene's test for equality of variances. The study found out that, 1) Majority of the respondents were male; 2) The level of pain of children undergoing intramuscular injection in the comparison and treatment group was severe pain; 3) There were no significant differences in the level of pain of children undergoing intramuscular injection between the comparison and Treatment Group 1 (creative audio distraction technique) and Treatment Group 2 (creative touch distraction technique) while there was significant difference in Treatment Group 3 (creative visual distraction technique). Creative visual distraction technique is an effective means of reducing the level of pain felt by the respondents.
Maria Bernadette R. Daplas
Redona, K. P.,
Sangcap, Q. R.,
Tana, K. D.
Effects of creative distraction techniques on the level of pain of children undergoing intramuscular injection.
Bachelor of Science in Nursing.
Retrieved from https://greenprints.dlshsi.edu.ph/bsn/301