Title

Effects of creative distraction techniques on the level of pain of children undergoing intramuscular injection

Date of Completion

2-2018

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Bachelor of Science in Nursing

Keywords

Injections, Intramuscular, Children, Pain

Abstract

This study used quasi-experimental research design. Sixty (60) respondents were chosen using purposive sampling. They were divided into four (4) groups: Group 1 was the treatment group who received the audio intervention, Group 2 was the treatment group who received the touch intervention, Group 3 was the treatment group who received the visual intervention and Group 4 was the comparison group who was observed without intervention. The research instrument used was an adapted questionnaire from Neonatal/Infant Pain Scale (NIPS), a tool that nurses use as indicative of infant pain or distress with the pain scale of 0-2 mild to no pain, 3-4 mild to moderate pain and >4 severe pain. Data was analyzed through frequency, mean, percentage, t-test and Levene's test for equality of variances. The study found out that, 1) Majority of the respondents were male; 2) The level of pain of children undergoing intramuscular injection in the comparison and treatment group was severe pain; 3) There were no significant differences in the level of pain of children undergoing intramuscular injection between the comparison and Treatment Group 1 (creative audio distraction technique) and Treatment Group 2 (creative touch distraction technique) while there was significant difference in Treatment Group 3 (creative visual distraction technique). Creative visual distraction technique is an effective means of reducing the level of pain felt by the respondents.

First Advisor

Maria Bernadette R. Daplas

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