Title

Factors contributing to medication error among staff nurses in selected hospitals in Cavite

Date of Completion

2005

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Bachelor of Science in Nursing

Keywords

Medication Errors, Nurses

Abstract

This study utilized a quantitative descriptive type of research design. The respondents were composed of 100 staff nurses chosen using convenience sampling regardless of their units or area of work assignment. They were distributed as follows: 50 nurses from De La Salle University Medical Center, 38 nurses from Our Lady of Pillar Medical Center and 12 nurses from Dr. Jose P. Rizal Memorial Hospital and Medical Research Center. A self-made questionnaire served as the instrument. Statistical treatments used were frequency, percentage, mean, t-test and f-test. The study concluded that, 1) Most of the respondents were 25-29 years old, female, had worked for less than 1 year, had a monthly income of P10,000.00 and less and had a nurse-patient ratio of 1:11-15; 2) The respondents agree that the factors that contribute to medication error among staff nurses are the following: increasing number of patients handled per shift, wrong interpretation of doctor’s written order due to doctor’s handwriting, long shifting hours of nurses whether morning or afternoon and night shift, wrong transcription of order from doctor’s order to medication administration record (MAR), Kardex or computer printout, wrong interpretation of doctor’s verbal orders (through telephone), poor health status of staff nurses and confusion over drug names that sound alike; 3) There is a significant difference in the factors contributing to medication error among staff nurses in terms of length of service and nurse-patient ratio; 4) The factors that contribute to medication error among staff nurses are not significantly related to age, gender and monthly income.

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